Using an external display with your Mac provides many benefits that can enhance productivity and convenience. Connecting an additional monitor increases your available screen space, allowing you to multitask more efficiently between multiple windows and apps. External displays also enable you to extend your desktop area to reduce scrolling and clicking between documents.
With a larger canvas to work with, creative professionals can view their media files and timelines in greater detail for improved editing accuracy. Portable Macs can transform into capable workstations when hooked up to a bigger display, keyboard, and mouse at a desk. This allows users to maintain portability when travelling while benefiting from a full desktop setup when needed. However, external displays also introduce potential technical issues that should be promptly addressed to restore full functionality.
The purpose of this blog post is to cover the most common external display problems on Macs and provide troubleshooting solutions to get your dual monitor setup working properly again. By following these tips, you can quickly resolve display errors to maximise productivity.
Mac Not Detecting External Display
If your Mac doesn’t detect a connected external monitor at all, there are a few things you can try:
1. Check video input settings on the monitor itself. Some displays have multiple inputs and the active one needs to be switched manually.
2. Update your Mac graphics drivers to the latest available version. Newer releases improve external display compatibility.
3. Try connecting the display with alternate cables/adapters if available. Faulty or low-quality connections often prevent detection.
4. Shut down Mac, unplug power cable, then hold power button 10 secs to discharge static. Power back on and reconnect the display.
5. Reset NVRAM by booting into recovery mode then choosing Reset NVRAM from the Utilities menu. Forces hardware re-detection.
6. Reset SMC by shutting down, pressing left shift-control-option keys + power button simultaneously then booting up. Also initiates hardware rediscovery.
If the external display still doesn’t show up after trying these solutions, bring your setup into an Apple store for assistance. Expert technicians can diagnose deeper hardware or software issues causing the problem.
Common Mac External Display Problems
External displays connected to Macs can encounter a variety of issues that impact user experience and productivity. Some of the most common external display problems on Macs include:
No Display Output
One of the most frustrating issues is when there is no video output to the external display at all. The screen may remain blank or black when connected to the Mac via HDMI, DisplayPort, USB-C, or other ports. This prevents users from extending their desktop or using the external display.There are a few things to check in this situation.
First, verify all video cables are securely inserted into the correct ports on both devices. HDMI, DisplayPort, DVI, and Thunderbolt ports can all transmit video signals. Try connecting the cable to a different port or using an alternate cable that you know works properly.
Next, check your display settings to make sure mirroring or extended desktop modes are enabled. Open System Preferences > Displays on your Mac and confirm the external monitor is recognized. You may need to reset the Mac SMC and PRAM to force detection of the new display.
Finally, outdated software could prevent signal transmission. Make sure your Mac operating system, graphics drivers, monitor firmware, and any dock/adapter software is up to date. Apply the latest updates to see if that resolves the blank screen.
Flickering or Distorted Graphics
Interference or compatibility issues can lead to flickering, distorted, or fuzzy graphics on the external display. This makes it difficult to view content clearly and can cause eye strain. A distorted external display renders applications and media unusable.
The problem usually originates from unstable connections, incompatible cables/adapters, or software conflicts. Carefully check that all video cables are undamaged and firmly plugged in at both ends. Faulty wires or loose connections often generate graphical artefacts.
Try swapping cables or using a different input port if possible. Verify you are using the correct cable for your external display connection type. If the issue started after a macOS update, your current graphics driver or monitor software may have compatibility problems. Check the vendor website for updated software that specifically supports your Mac model, display model, and macOS version.
Reinstalling or rolling back drivers often fixes flickering screens. You can also try resetting the Mac SMC and PRAM, or performing a clean install of macOS to eliminate potential software issues. If the problem persists, consider taking your Mac and display to a professional.
Sometimes the native resolution of the external display does not match what is set on the Mac. This can make items appear too large or too small on the screen. Fixing resolution mismatches may require manually adjusting the display resolution settings on the Mac.
To check for resolution mismatch:
1. Open System Preferences > Displays on your Mac
2. Click the ‘Scaled’ button
3. Select the proper resolution for your external monitor model (e.g. 1920×1080) If your desired resolution isn’t available in the Scaled options, try updating your Mac graphics drivers. The latest software may unlock higher resolutions.
You can also adjust resolution settings directly on your external display using the built-in menus. Refer to your device manual for the proper way to do this. Forcing the native resolution often resolves blurriness caused by mismatches.
Finally, incompatible adapters like HDMI to DVI or DisplayPort to VGA can also limit output resolutions. Use native connections without adapters whenever possible. Active adapters typically support higher resolutions than passive ones.
Loose Cable Connections
Faulty cables, ports, or loose connections prevent video and data from properly reaching the external display. As a result, the external display may flicker, display incorrectly, or turn off intermittently. Securely connecting the appropriate cable between the Mac and external display is essential.
Mac Not Detecting External Display
Macs may sometimes fail to detect attached external displays even when the display itself shows a proper connection. This prevents the use of the external display until the Mac can recognize the display output and settings.
These kinds of external display problems severely hinder productivity as users cannot utilise the additional screen real estate. Graphics, video, and other media content may also display incorrectly, preventing enjoyment of entertainment and creative projects.
Signs of External Display Problems
External display issues on Macs can cause a lot of frustration for users. Some common signs that indicate a problem with an external display include:
Blank or Black Screens
One of the most obvious signs of an external display issue is when the display is completely blank or black when connected to a Mac. This suggests there is no signal output from the Mac to the display. A black or blank screen makes the display unusable and prevents you from seeing any of your work.
Flickering, Distorted, or Blurry Graphics
Graphics issues like severe flickering, distortion, or blurriness point to connectivity or compatibility problems between the Mac and display. This makes it hard to look at the screen for any length of time and get work done efficiently.
Incorrect or Mismatching Resolutions
Resolution issues cause images and text to appear too large, too small, stretched, or squished on the external display. An incorrect resolution prevents you from fitting enough content on the screen to work effectively.
External Display Not Recognized
If your Mac isn’t detecting the external display at all, the monitor may not show up in your display preferences and settings. This stops you from extending or mirroring your desktop to leverage the additional screen real estate.
These external display problems make it extremely difficult to use the monitor productively. The issues severely hinder everyday tasks like reading, writing, creating graphics, watching videos, and more. Prompt troubleshooting is necessary to resolve the problems and restore full use of the display.
Troubleshooting Mac External Display Problems
If your Mac is not detecting or properly displaying an external monitor, there are several troubleshooting steps you can try to resolve the issue.
First, check that all connections are secure – disconnect the display cable from both the Mac and monitor, then reconnect to ensure a tight fit. Try connecting the display to another port on the Mac if possible, like switching from HDMI to DisplayPort or USB-C. Also verify you’re using the correct cable for your Mac and display model.
After checking hardware connections, try adjusting display preferences in System Settings > Displays on your Mac. You may need to enable display detection or play with resolution options for the external display to be recognized properly. A simple restart of your Mac can also force display detection and reset graphics drivers.
If display issues persist, updating your Mac’s operating system, firmware, and any related drivers is advisable, as later software versions usually resolve bugs and improve external display support. Download the latest macOS updates in System Preferences.
Should the monitor still not display properly, try using a different display cable or adapter that you know works reliably. Damaged or lower quality cables often cause graphics issues. Also, reference the monitor manufacturer’s guide to check for correct external display settings on the monitor itself – toggling inputs or manually selecting the incoming video source from your Mac sometimes helps.
As a last resort, advanced troubleshooting may be required for hardware or software-related graphics issues. Apple provides diagnostics tools for testing Mac display problems, or you can seek assistance from an Apple Store Genius or authorised service provider to fully inspect and diagnose persistent external display problems.
- Check display cable connections and ports
- Adjust System Preferences display settings
- Restart Mac and update software
- Try a different, working display cable
- Check for correct external display settings
- Run Apple diagnostics or seek expert service for complex issues
Following methodical troubleshooting steps can resolve most external display problems on Macs. Confirming hardware connectivity, adjusting software settings, updating macOS, and verifying secondary monitor configurations will get an external display functioning properly in the majority of scenarios. For lingering issues, advanced diagnostics and professional assistance may be needed.
Advanced Troubleshooting and Expert Help
If you have tried the basic troubleshooting steps outlined in the previous section and are still experiencing issues with your external display on your Mac, there are some more advanced options you can try before seeking expert help.
Use Built-In Diagnostic Tools
Your Mac comes with some handy built-in tools that can help diagnose display issues:
- Apple Hardware Test – This checks your Mac’s hardware and can detect issues with the logic board, RAM, wireless components, or connected displays.
- Video Memory Stress Test – This test pushes your dedicated graphics card and video memory to the limit to check for faults.
To access these tools, restart your Mac and hold down the D key as it boots up. This will launch the built-in diagnostics. Run the tests and see if any issues are reported related to the display or graphics.
Check for Graphics Card or Hardware Problems
Sometimes display problems can be caused by a faulty dedicated graphics card (if your Mac has one), or a problem with the display connectors and ports. Here are some things to check:
- Reset the SMC and PRAM/NVRAM to see if this fixes any GPU or hardware related issues.
- Check that the display connectors are not damaged and there is no debris in the ports.
- Try connecting the external display to another Mac to isolate the issue.
- If your Mac is older, dust build up can cause overheating and display problems. Carefully clean out any dust using compressed air.
Get Expert Help for Complex Issues
If you have worked through all the troubleshooting steps and are still noticing display issues, it’s best to seek expert help at this point. Be prepared to explain the issue in detail, and take your Mac and display setup with you for testing. With expert assistance, even complex display issues can usually be resolved.
In summary, troubleshooting external display issues on Macs is critical for enhancing productivity and convenience. As discussed throughout this blog post, problems like no display output, flickering graphics, resolution mismatches, and connection problems are common but can be effectively addressed.
The step-by-step troubleshooting guidance provided, such as checking connections, adjusting display settings, updating software, trying different cables, and using diagnostic tools, offers practical solutions for many external display problems Mac users face. While basic troubleshooting can resolve many issues, seeking expert help for complex or persistent problems is recommended.
By proactively troubleshooting display problems using the solutions outlined here or enlisting Apple Support when necessary, Mac users can minimise frustration and inconvenience. With the right approach, external displays can function seamlessly with Macs, offering the enhanced experience users expect.
In closing, don’t hesitate to utilise the troubleshooting tips here or ask for assistance when tackling display issues. Investing some time in diagnosing and addressing problems is worthwhile for unlocking the productivity benefits of multiple external displays with your Mac.
FAQs About Mac External Display Problems
Question: How do I fix the resolution on my external monitor Mac?
On your Mac, choose Apple menu > System Settings, then click Displays in the sidebar. (You may need to scroll down.) Select the display you want to adjust, then select the resolution you want to use. You may be able to turn on “Show all resolutions” to see additional resolutions for the display.
Question: Why is my external monitor not working with my Mac?
If your Mac still doesn’t recognize the attached display, try any of the following: Unplug the display from your Mac, then plug it back in. Make sure the cable you are using is securely connected to the correct port. Make sure you are using the correct cable to connect your display.
Question: How do I fix the display on my Mac?
- If the display is black or dim: Try adjusting your display’s brightness.
- If images are too large or too small: Try adjusting your display’s resolution.
- If the colours don’t look right: Try using the display profile designed for your display.